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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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ostracon

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA56806

  • Description

    Ostracon, fragment of the body and rim-section of a orange-red pottery vessel with slightly convex sides and an everted ledge-rim, the fabric is partially pink in section, the exterior, which is finely grooved, is covered with a light-brown slip and remains of eight (7 + 1) lines of Coptic text written in black ink, containing an account of uncertain nature.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 79 millimetres (max)
    • Width: 97 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        exterior
      • Inscription Language

        Coptic
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Remains of eight (7 + 1) lines of Coptic text written in black ink. l. 8 gives a total, and of ll. 4-7 the beginnings may be preserved; though it is possible (though less likely) that the fragment contains only the ends of lines. The figures at the beginning of the lines may be either days of the month or pages of the daybook.
      • Inscription Translation

        Note by W.E. Crum: "In its present state this fragment is obscure. … The occurrence of lit(rai) rules out wine or other liquid substance. The figures at the beginning of the lines may be either days of the month or pages of the daybook."
  • Bibliography

    • Crum & Bell 1922 p.128 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1923

  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA56806

  • Registration number

    1923,0327.473

  • Additional IDs

    • O.Sarga 155 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)

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Object reference number: YCA61110

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