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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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ostracon

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA56807

  • Description

    Ostracon, fragment of the body of a red pottery vessel, the fabric is relatively coarse and light-grey in section, the interior is slightly grooved and covered with a cream-coloured deposit, the exterior is covered with a red slip and remains of six lines of Coptic text written in black ink, now much worn, containing an account of wine.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 76 millimetres (max)
    • Width: 84 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        exterior
      • Inscription Language

        Coptic
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Remains of six lines of Coptic text written in black ink, very worn.
      • Inscription Translation

        Translation by W.E. Crum: "Account of wine. Large 'cnidia' from jar 4, 3. Large 'cnidia' from jar 3, 2; from jar 2, 7. Small 'cnidia' from jar 1. Small and large, of the original stock (?), 74."
  • Bibliography

    • Crum & Bell 1922 p.114-115 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair (text worn and faded)

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1923

  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA56807

  • Registration number

    1923,0327.474

  • Additional IDs

    • O.Sarga 126 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)

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Object reference number: YCA61111

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