textile / tapestry / curtain
Loosely-woven undyed linen with almond-shaped coloured linen tapestry ornament containing a flower and leaves in red, yellow, green and pink wool, and brown linen. In addition, linen self-bands and isolated 'petals' in red wool.
Warp: linen, s-spin, c.10 ends per cm.
Weft: linen and wool both s-spin, c.7 picks per cm in plain areas, c.25 in tapestry
Condition: poor - ragged, much of the wool missing, but colour fair.
- Found/Acquired: Egypt
- Length: 15 centimetres
- Width: 20 centimetres
The dyed brown linen is unusual. It appears to have been dyed as yarn; dye probably not iron.
History of linen: from a curtain or other furnishing, the decor mainly consisting of such scattered ornaments.
Information from Hero Granger-Taylor 
5 December 2008
Reason for treatment
Surface clean. Humidify.
Undyed linen (?) fragment with elongated roundel with wool (?) decoration in red, pink green and yellow. The is also the remains of an orange and red weft outside the roundel. The linen wefts (?) are doubled or tripled to form stripes in the weave.Dimensions: Before conservation: 15 x 20 cm.After conservation: 18 x 24cmWeave: Weft: (?) S twist 7 per 10 mm.Warp: (?) S twist 7 per 10 mm.CONDITION:The fragment is in a poor condition. Much of the wool is missing from the central roundel, leaving exposed warps (?) and holes where the warps are also missing. The edges are severely fraying and crumpled.
Surface cleaningThe textile has been gently vacuumed to remove dust and loose fibres using a piece of net that was tied over the nozzle of the vacuum to prevent loss of larger particulates. Other soiling removed consisted of loose fibres and particles not belonging to the object. These were placed separately in sealed labelled polyethylene bags.HumidificationThe textile was carefully humidified in order to reduce unwanted crumpling and hard creases, which, if retained, are likely to cause splits in the fabric. The creases were not considered significant or original, but rather from poor storage conditions. The textile was placed for several hours on a sheet of Gore-Tex (a micro porous waterproof fabric containing a membrane of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene), which had been previously placed on top of a cotton fabric slightly moistened with deionised water, with another dry layer of cotton fabric on top. Then, the textile was covered with a polyethylene sheet, sealed with glass weights at the edges to maintain a moist environment. The re-shaping process was very gentle. Once the fibres started to relax, small sand bags and Perspex weights were gradually placed in the areas surrounding the creases. They were checked every 20-30 minutes approximately, and were progressively moved and adjusted to open out the textile and realign distorted areas. Afterwards, the polyethylene was removed and the textile was weighted slightly with light Perspex weights to prevent creases from reforming whilst drying. StorageThe Melinex sleeve consisted of two sleeves, one inner and one outer (26cm x 28 cm). These were heat-sealed, the inner one, along one longer edge, and the outer one along the two opposite shorter edges, so that the inner sleeve could be easily slipped inside. The corners of the Melinex were rounded off as this made it easier to slip the inner sleeve inside the outer one. To avoid movement of the textile inside the inner sleeve a second seal was also made to the inner sleeve to make it smaller. The label was also inserted inside the inner sleeve made from a piece of cotton cloth tape with the number written on with permanent ink pen.
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA61599
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