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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Ostracon, section (two fragments joined) of the body of a light-brown pottery vessel, interior covered with a dark-brown/black resinous deposit, exterior covered with a light-brown slip. The faint traces of seven lines of black-painted demotic text contain a list of names.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 30BC-70
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 7.9 centimetres (max)
    • Width: 11.2 centimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Comment

        Faint traces of seven lines of black-painted demotic text contain a list of names.
  • Bibliography

    • Mond & Myers 1934 2:65, 71, pl. LXXII (no. 24) bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair (two fragments joined)

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1927-1931 by Robert Ludwig Mond on behalf of the Egypt Exploration Society.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • O.Buch. 24 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)

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Object reference number: YCA62314

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