The Younger Memnon
- The Younger Memnon
Head and upper body of pink/grey granite monumental statue of Ramses II (one of a pair placed before the door of the Ramesseum) wearing nemes head-cloth and circlet of uraei (about half now lost), the sculptor has exploited the bichrome nature of the stone to emphasise the division between body and face; the dorsal pillar is inscribed with vertical registers of hieroglyphs - giving the name and titles of the king and part of a dedication to Amun-Ra; in 1817 it was noted that there were traces of colour upon the statue and it may have, therefore, been painted red in antiquity.
- Found/Acquired: Ramesseum, Doorway
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Ramesseum (Thebes))
- Height: 266.8 centimetres (max)
- Width: 203.3 centimetres (max;across shoulders)
Inscription Positiondorsal pillar
Inscription CommentVertical registers of fine relief hieroglyphs.
PM II (2): p.436 Texts: Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions Vol 2 p667; HTBM Part 9: Plate V History and restoration: Leblanc and Esmoingt, Memnonia 10 (1999), 79-100, with plates including a photomontage of EA19 on its base in the Ramesseum.
Nicholson and Shaw, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology (Cambridge 2000), p. 36;
N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 202-3.For the connection of the statue with Shelley's sonnet see John Rodenbeck ‘Travelers from an Antique Land: Shelley’s Inspiration for “Ozymandias”’, in Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, No. 24, Archaeology of Literature: Tracing the Old in the New (Department of English and Comparative Literature, American University in Cairo and American University in Cairo Press, 2004), pp. 121-148.
2010-2011, London, BM/BBC, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'
good (incomplete - lower body and legs lost)
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA62956
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