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The Younger Memnon

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The Younger Memnon
  • Description

    Head and upper body of pink/grey granite monumental statue of Ramses II (one of a pair placed before the door of the Ramesseum) wearing nemes head-cloth and circlet of uraei (about half now lost), the sculptor has exploited the bichrome nature of the stone to emphasise the division between body and face; the dorsal pillar is inscribed with vertical registers of hieroglyphs - giving the name and titles of the king and part of a dedication to Amun-Ra; in 1817 it was noted that there were traces of colour upon the statue and it may have, therefore, been painted red in antiquity.


  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 266.8 centimetres (max)
    • Width: 203.3 centimetres (max;across shoulders)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        dorsal pillar
      • Inscription Comment

        Vertical registers of fine relief hieroglyphs.
  • Curator's comments

    PM II (2): p.436 Texts: Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions Vol 2 p667; HTBM Part 9: Plate V History and restoration: Leblanc and Esmoingt, Memnonia 10 (1999), 79-100, with plates including a photomontage of EA19 on its base in the Ramesseum.

    Nicholson and Shaw, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology (Cambridge 2000), p. 36;
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 202-3.For the connection of the statue with Shelley's sonnet see John Rodenbeck ‘Travelers from an Antique Land: Shelley’s Inspiration for “Ozymandias”’, in Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, No. 24, Archaeology of Literature: Tracing the Old in the New (Department of English and Comparative Literature, American University in Cairo and American University in Cairo Press, 2004), pp. 121-148.


  • Bibliography

    • MacGregor 2010 20 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 pp.202-203 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Exhibition history


    2010-2011, London, BM/BBC, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'

  • Condition

    good (incomplete - lower body and legs lost)

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • ES.19


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Object reference number: YCA62956

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