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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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The Abbott Papyrus

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • The Abbott Papyrus
  • Description

    Papyrus; Hieratic legal text: tomb-robbery. Published with translation by Peet, Great Tomb Robberies (1930).

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 85.5 centimetres (papyrus)
    • Width: 43 centimetres (papyrus)
    • Length: 90 centimetres (frame)
    • Width: 47.8 centimetres (frame)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

  • Curator's comments

    Kitchen, Ram. Insc. Vol 6 p468.
    Theodorides, RdE 21, p. 97 (7, 11-14) and p. 101 (5, 5-8);
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 232-3 (pl. on p. 233 wrongly labelled as EA 10021).
    Dockets to be republished by CJ Eyre and M Collier (agreed 2006)


  • Bibliography

    • Strudwick 2006 pp.232-3 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus: loss, bleached Black ink Red ink Backed: Japanese paper Displayed in Room 62 until 1997 Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Binding: self adhesive linen tape Object Priority: A Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: B

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Sheet.1


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: YCA63191

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