shroud / mummy-wrapping / human mummy
Mummy of a boy, aged 12-15. The mummy is loosely bandaged and wrapped in a linen shroud, ornamented with a tempera painted portrait.
Skull - All teeth present. Head flexed. No obvious fractures.
Thorax and Abdomen - Apparently empty. No fractures or dislocations of ribs, spinal column, pelvis, or hips. The lumbar and dorsal intervertebral discs appear opaque.
Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in contact with the outer aspect of the thighs.
Legs - Crack fracture in medial part of lower end of the right tibia. Menisci opaque. No lines of arrested growth.
- Excavated/Findspot: Sheikh Abd el-Qurna
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Sheikh Abd el-Qurna (Thebes))
- Length: 152 centimetres
See J. Filer in M. L. Bierbrier (ed.), 'Portraits and masks : burial customs in Roman Egypt ' (London, 1997), p.125 [pls.46.3,4].
29 January 1997
nb. Present metal fixing on backing board crushing painted surface. Currently backed with nylon net - lifting in areas. Very insecure. Clean? Consolidate pigment? Remove net and secure to new backing. (?silk crepeline and Klucel). Stitch loose threads afterwards as necessary. .
The shroud was poorly adhered to nylon net which was loose in many places. It was crumpled and distorted. There were areas of unsightly stitching going through the painted surface.
The net was removed by gentle mechanical action with the help of spatulas. Where the adhesion was very strong a small amount of IMS on a cotton wool swab was used to soften the adhesive. Creases were relaxed as far as possible by relaxing fibres with moisture from the ultrasonic humidifier, then weighting with glass weights. Dyed cotton lawn backing to an appropriate colour using Ciba Geigy Solophenyl cellulose dyes. Very fine nylon net was dyed with Ciba-Geigy Lanaset dyes to an appropriate colour and used to cover the shroud. The shroud was sandwiched between the cotton lawn and the net. Monofilament silk was used to stitch round the holes and where possible without disrupting the pigment layer, was used to put staggered stay stitching running the length of the shroud. The backing and net were trimmed to 2cm round the edge of the shroud, turned back and secured with herringbone stitch in polyester thread Gutterman no 120. The shroud was returned to the mummy and placed in position. The edges of the shroud on the underside of the body were joined using cotton tape in a zig-zag pattern. The tape was attached to the lining only by stitching with cotton DMC2 thread. After the shroud was folded at the head and foot of the mummy and a few stitches in the same thread were used to secure it in place. NB It was decided that cleaning and consolidation of the pigments was unnecessary.
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA63271
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