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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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ostracon / jar

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA70150

  • Description

    Ostracon, fragmentary section of a red-brown pottery ostracon, the fabric is partially grey in section, the interior is smeared with an off-white deposit, the exterior is covered with a self-slip and remains of one line of red-painted Coptic text.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 63 millimetres (max)
    • Width: 64 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        exterior
      • Inscription Language

        Coptic
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Remains of one line of red-painted Coptic text.
  • Condition

    fair (fragmentary)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    22 May 2002

    Reason for treatment

    Storage

    Treatment proposal

    Examine surface. Remove salts and relay fragments, consolidate and desalinate if necessary.

    Condition

    Surface lamenating, detached fragments.

    Treatment details

    Consolidated lifting fragments 5% and 10% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in acetone applied with a micropipette. Consolidated lifting and lamenating areas with very thin sheet of Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) inserted into gap. Acetone applied to soften resin and slight pressure applied to obtain adhesion.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1987

  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA70150

  • Registration number

    1987,0227.287

  • Additional IDs

    • 287
Ostracon, fragmentary section of a red-brown pottery ostracon, the fabric is partially grey in section, the interior is smeared with an off-white deposit, the exterior is covered with a self-slip and remains of one line of red-painted Coptic text.

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Object reference number: YCA64287

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