Collection online

sceptre / amulet

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA54412

  • Description

    Glazed composition amulet: this mould-made amulet is in the shape of an 'ankh'-sign. Superimposed in raised relief on its front are three other hieroglyphic symbols: a 'was'-sceptre placed on the pillar-like 'djed'-sign, and the kneeling figure of the heh-sign on the top of the 'djed'-pillar. The amulet's reverse is nearly identical except that the 'was'-sceptre is lacking.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 700BC-500BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 23.6 centimetres
    • Width: 11 centimetres
    • Depth: 2.5 centimetres
    • Weight: 0.32 kilograms
  • Curator's comments

    Although amulets are often found in burials, this one was found in a temple and was not intended for funerary use. Because of its size and the absence of a lug by which to suspend it, it was probably made to be carried. The magical properties of this amulet and the benefits it was to bestow on its owner are clearly expressed through the four hieroglyphic symbols of which it is composed: life ('ankh'), endurance ('djed') and dominion ('was'-sceptre) for millions and millions of years ('heh') - enduring domination and rule by its royal owner.

    This 'ankh'-amulet was one of two purchased by the British Museum from the collection of Lord Kitchener, and are said to have been purchased by him in the Sudan in 1919 from Mohammed Ahasi. Probably Egyptian imports into Nubia, records indicate that they may have come from the Temple of Taharqo (B 300) at Gebel Barkal, the capital of the ancient Nubian kingdom of Napata whose early kings ruled Egypt as the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty (c. 770-657 BC). Taharqo was one of the most important kings of this dynasty, completing the Kushite conquest of Egypt begun by his ancestors.

    Like many other traditional Egyptian religious symbols, Egyptian-style amulets were widely used by ancient Nubian kings. 'Ankh'-shaped amulets continued to be made even after the Kushite Dynasty in Egypt ended.

    Bibliography:
    W.V.Davies (ed.), 'Egypt and Africa : Nubia from prehistory to Islam' (London, 1991), p. 315;
    S. Quirke and J. Spencer, 'British Museum Book of Ancient Egypt', (London, 1992), p. 94, fig. 74;
    Berlandini, 'BSEG' 18 (1994), 10;
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 280-1.

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  • Bibliography

    • Friedman 1998 119 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 pp.280-281 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G65/dc10

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    1983 Sep-Dec, Memphis, Art Gallery of Memphis, A Divine Tour of Ancient Egypt
    1995/6 Oct-Jan, Royal Academy of Arts, Africa: The Art of a Continent
    1996 Mar-May, Berlin, Martin Gropius Bau, Africa: The Art of a Continent
    1996 May-Sep, New York, Guggenheim Museum, Africa: The Art of a Continent
    1998 May-Jul, Ohio, Cleveland Museum of Art, Gifts of the Nile: Ancient Egyptian Faience
    1998/9 Aug-Jan, Rhode Island, Museum of Art, Gifts of the Nile: Ancient Egyptian Faience
    1999 Jan-Apr, Kimbell Art Museum Texas, Gifts of the Nile: Ancient Egyptian Faience
    2006-2007 6 Oct-18 Feb, Tokyo, National Museum of Nature and Science, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2007 17 Mar-17 Jun, Kobe City Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
    19th Nov 2011- 11 Mar 2012. Richmond , VA, Virginia museum of Fine Art. Mummy. The inside story.
    Mar - Oct 2012. Brisbane, Queensland Museum South Bank. Mummy: The Inside Story
    2012/3, Nov-Apr, Mumbai, CSMVS, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2013, Apr-Nov, Singapore, ArtScience Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2014-15 22 May to 19 April, London, British Museum, 'Ancient Lives, New Discoveries'

  • Condition

    fair

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1919

  • Acquisition notes

    The entry in Gifts of the Nile, p 226 says it was '...purchased from the collection of Lord Kitchener, and are said to have been purchased by him in 1919 from Mohammed Ahasi'. This is surely wrong a) as Kitchener died in 1916, and b) his collection was sold at Sotheby's in 1938.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA54412

  • Registration number

    1919,0208.71


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Object reference number: YCA64360

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