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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Round-topped limestone stela of Tsia; pilasters and shell; five lines of Greek text.
    Description in Hall:
    Complete degradation of temple 'in antis' type: the pillasters remain, but the pediment and akroteria have disappeared, and in their place is a semicircle of floreated and beaded bands, surrounding a shell. The architrave has become a band with guilloche decoration. Inscription ona rectangular panel between the two fluted and twisted pilasters.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 7thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 36.9 centimetres
    • Width: 25.4 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Translation

        "One God
        who helpeth [us].
        Tsia (who died) Pha-
        menoth 12
        of the 10th Indi[ction]."
      • Inscription Comment

        Written in five lines of text.
  • Bibliography

    • Hall 1905 p.135, Pl.97 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Condition

    good - 2 (3)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    26 March 2004

    Reason for treatment

    Permanent Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    Clean. Neaten side fillings.


    The stela was a little dirty. A reused piece of limestone had been used to back the stela The fillings between the two pieces of stone was unsightly.

    Treatment details

    The statue was vacuumed. Any ingrained dirt was left as it helped clarify the form. The plaster filling was recut and then retouched with Cryla acrylic colours.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • I.Brit.Mus.Copt. I 97:3 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: YCA64689

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