textile / hair-net
Undyed sprang linen woman's hair-net. The hair-net tapers towards the bottom by means of increasingly large groups of warp thread. A purely geometric design is produced by denser and less dense areas, originally with red stripes parallel to the side seams. Hanging from the bottom of the bag from the centre line of the web is a tassel of looped threads tied together at the bottom, which originally consisted of cords of linen and red wool (now missing) plied together. The side seam (now missing) and a brow band were probably also originally sewn in red wool. Loops were added along the second edge of the opening, c. 1.5cm long, threaded with a double cord which also originally contained a second strand of red wool. Four original edges remain, consisting of plain selvedges, which have now separated, beyond a red stripe. One end has loops and a draw string and the other end has very short loops still partly threaded with a red woollen cord.
The thread is S-spun and Z-ply; the linen warp is c. 30 threads per cm. The hair-net was darned with S-spun and Z-ply linen thread.
- Excavated/Findspot: Akhmim
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Akhmim)
- Length: 25 centimetres (without tassel)
- Width: 20 centimetres (at top)
- Width: 2 centimetres (at bottom)
- Length: 6 centimetres (tassel)
S. Walker and M. Bierbrier, Fayum. Misteriosi volti dall'Egitto, London 1997, p. 216 .
Information from Hero Granger-Taylor (1991)
Results of C14 dating: (BM18292) : 1610±25BP
68.2% probability: 400AD (68.2%) 550AD
95.4% probability: 350AD (95.4%) 550ADSee HG-T card.
1997 15 Oct-1998 30 Apr, Italy, Rome, Fondazione Memmo, Ancient Faces
2000 Feb-May, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Ancient Faces
3 January 1997
Reason for treatment
Whip top tassle with dyed silk thread. Req. nos. on side to be displayed. Open out slightly. Display horizontally on textile covered board. Secure lower edges to prevent unravelling.
Generally in good condition. Tassle unstitched along central core. Some areas of unravelling at edges. Many 'ladders' within body of sprang design. Some embrittled fibres caused perhaps by body fluids.
Loose dirt removed from surface using a soft brush and low powered vacuum cleaner fitted with a flexible rubber hose. Dyed deep purple silk backing fabric after consultation with Design Office using Lanaset (comp. unknown). Prepared backing board. 1. Sealed edges of Aerolam F board cut to the correct dimensions with Gummed Linen tape adhered with water. 2. Applied 100% Vinamul 3252 (vinyl acetate,ethylene copolymer) with a brush to form an even strip of adhesive on the reverse of the board. Allowed to dry. Provided a second layer. Allowed to dry. 3. Secured domette brushed cotton to front of board and secured around edges onto adhesive strip with an iron at 60oC. Fanned out net to the dimensions of the board and secured with running-stitch support lines and couching stitches with a curved needle using appropriately dyed filament silk. 'Ladders' were closed as stitching progressed. Positioned hairnet and backing fabric symmetrically on prepared board and secured to lower outer edge with curved needle using double filament silk thread. Covered reverse of board with calico dyed with Lanacron (azo metal complex).
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA66293
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