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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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papyrus

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA10118,4

  • Description

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic administrative text. Writing on recto only, 3 lines.
    Thompson's MS Catalogue (numbered as 10118 D): " dated "Pharmuthi" [...] Date. Persian. prob. Darius. Origin. uncertain".

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 24.7 centimetres
    • Width: 5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Demotic
      • Inscription Position

        recto
  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus Black ink Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Binding: magic tape Binding: copydex self adhesive carpet tape Object Priority: A Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: B Curatorial condition comment: fair (incomplete)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    29 July 1986

    Treatment proposal

    Inlay and infill removal. Repair and remount seperately.

    Condition

    Fractured papyrus inlaid between a sandwich of brown wove paper. Dimensions: 225 x 66 mm. Tracing and slide transparencies [PAP 731&732] and [PAP 736&737 ] in WAP studio.

    Treatment details

    Trimmed excess inlay using a scalpel, leaving c5mm border. Applied Laponite RD (sodium magnesium lithium silicate) swelling agent 7% solution. Inlay paper scraped away with a scalpel. Discolouration and adhesive residue around edges on verso and recto. Wetted with Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) and water 1:1 and removed by scraping with a scalpel. Re-aligned and repaired with Sekushu-shi Japanese paper tabs and wheat starch paste (repair tabs toned using Derment colour pencils). Mounted between glass bound with Scotch magic Tape No 810.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1821

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA10118,4

  • Registration number

    .10118.4

  • Additional IDs

    • Sheet.4
Papyrus; Demotic administrative text verso and recto.

Recto

Papyrus; Demotic administrative text verso and recto.

Image description

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Object reference number: YCA66571

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