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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Description

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic legal text (damaged, 10 ll.) and Greek docket (3 ll.) on recto. Dated year 47 Tybi 5 of Ptolemy Euergetes II.
    Cession of liturgies in connection with tombs in the cemetery of Djeme (Medinet Habu). The same family is mentioned in P Berlin P 3113. This BM papyrus was first published by one of the protagonists of the decipherment of hieroglyphs, Thomas Young, in 1823.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 124BC-123BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 57 centimetres (frame)
    • Width: 25.5 centimetres (frame)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        recto and verso
  • Curator's comments

    To be studied and published (?) by Maria Cannata.

    Last description in Pestman 1993.
    Cf. entry in www.trismegistos.org - DAHT.

  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus: brittle, delaminating, fractured, loss Black ink Backed: white paper Mount Details: Sandwich: glass (warped) Sandwich: board Binding: cloth Object Priority: B Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: C Curatorial condition comment: fair (incomplete)

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


Papyrus; Demotic text recto concerning cemetery of Djeme with Greek docket below.

Papyrus; Demotic text recto concerning cemetery of Djeme with Greek docket below.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA67132

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