Fragment of a polychrome tomb-painting representing the pool in Nebamun's estate garden: date-palms, sycomores and mandrakes hedge the pool which teems with fish and fowl; the goddess of the sycomore, surrounded by her produce, is shown in the top right-hand corner.
- 1350BC (circa)
- Found/Acquired: Tomb of Nebamun
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Tomb of Nebamun (Thebes))
- Height: 64 centimetres (max)
- Width: 73 centimetres (painting only)
PM I Part 2, p. 817;
N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, p. 176.
Full publication: R. Parkinson, The Painted Tomb-Chapel of Nebamun: Masterpieces of Ancient Egyptian Art in the British Museum (London: British Museum Press 2008).
A. Middleton and K. Uprichard (ed.), The Nebamun Wall paintings: Conservation, Scientific Analysis and Display at the British Museum (London: Archetype 2008).
20 September 2002
Reason for analysis
Analysis of organic materials on the Nebamun wall painting EA 37983
The wall painting EA 37983, known as the 'Garden and Pool', comes from the tomb ofNebamun, which dates from the 14th century BC (18th Dynasty). Under the microscope severalorganic-like materials were observed at the surface of the wall-painting. Identification of thedifferent materials was requested for records and publication before their removal.A small sample of the following materials was taken from the locations shown on Figure 1 :1- Yellow organic material, hard and compact, soluble in water.2- Small brown stains on the edge of the wall-painting, very friable, water soluble.3- Organic material in insect hole, thick layer.4- White crystals, mixed with white matrix, not soluble in water.5- Brown coating over blue pigment, compact fibrous material mixed with white crystals.6- White crystals, very friable, fine layer, very soluble in water.Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) using single bounce attenuated total reflectance(ATR-FTIR), or the diamond cell, were used to analyse mainly the organic part of the samples.The spectra were gathered in the folder (file : c:\omnic\spectra\lr\EA37983\). A Jobin Yvonmicro-Raman Infinity spectrometer, using a green laser (531 nm) and a power of maximum 400W, was used to identify the inorganic materials. Elemental analysis was also carried out onsome of the samples using SEM-EDX.
Analysis reference number
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA67996
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