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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Rectangular blue glazed composition plaque bearing Bes-head in relief.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 14.6 centimetres
    • Width: 11.5 centimetres
  • Condition


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    23 May 2006

    Treatment proposal

    Improve old restoration


    Object broken into two fragments and rebonded. One corner missing and plasterfilled.

    Treatment details

    Removed old plasterfill to corner (bad colour and shape) by cutting most of it off using a saw blade and then softening the remains by applying cotton wool poultices damp with distilled water. Same treatment to break down old, dirty bond. Picked off plaster and resin residues mechanically by using toothpicks, needles and scalpel blades. Steam cleaned break edges very carefully to get rid of all plaster and adhesive residues. After drying, bonded fragments back together using HMG Paraloid B72 (methyl ethyl methacrlylate). Filled breakline using a mixture of Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) plus fumed silica. Rewrote reg. no. with black Golden Acrylic Colour.

    About these records 

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: YCA69193

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