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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Denomination

    • dollar, 20
  • Description

    Banknote.(obverse) Sailing ship in harbour at centre. Text at left and right. Over stamped in black at left and right. Design printed in black.
    (reverse) Blank.

  • Authority

  • Date

    • 1839
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 195 millimetres
    • Width: 126 millimetres
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    3 May 2012

    Reason for treatment

    Permanent Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    Lift secondary material. Flatten turn-overs and repair as necessary. Coins and Medals to provide acid-free card supports.


    Creases in corners, small turnovers around edges. Burn hole on lower left side.

    Treatment details

    Reinforced creases with Japanese tissue and wheat starch paste - gluten free. Locally pressed between blotter, under glass. Turnovers moistened with a damp cotton wool swab and weighted flat.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: CBA5319

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