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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Rectangle of linen bearing black line representation of male royal figure flanked by crocodiles.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 52 centimetres (frame)
    • Width: 25.2 centimetres (frame)
  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Textile: loss Black ink Backed: brown paper Displayed in Room 62 until 1992 Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Sandwich: board Binding: cloth Object Priority: B Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: B Curatorial condition comment: good

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    1 June 2001

    Treatment proposal

    Remove from glazed frame. Surface clean; remove folds and creases. Prepare for storage in melinex sleeves. Where necessary, write requisitions for more extensive treatment, such as stitching.


    In taped glass frame with paper or card backing. Glass dirty. Textile appears sound and flat.

    Treatment details

    The tape securing the glass to the backing board was cut with a fine scalpel releasing the front. The textile was found to be adhered to a sheet of card which was clearly acidic having discoloured around the borders of the textile. The only safe means of removal was mechanical, using a scalpel to gently prise the textile from the adhesive coating. Once the entire textile had been released, remaining fragments of paper were lightly moistened with distilled water applied with a sable brush and peeled away from the textile fibres with tweezers. Areas of weakness and loss in the weaving were backed with japanese tissue coloured with acrylic paints to a sympathetic, matching colour. The tissue was secured with 10% Klucel G (hydroxypropyl cellulose) in IMS. A Melinex (polyester) sleeve was cut to surround the textile with a narrow border and heat-sealed along the upper edge. This was in turn slid within a Melinex (polyester) commercial 'tube' wallet. The whole was placed in an acid-free archival box interleaved with acid-free tissue paper. The front and back of the textile can now be viewed and are adequately supported for handling in the student room in the Department of Egyptian Antiquities.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: YCA70216

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