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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Description

    Papyrus codex leaf bearing Sahidic script on recto and verso. The text contains a narration of miracles attributed to Shenoute.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 23 centimetres (frame)
    • Width: 18.5 centimetres (frame)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        both sides
      • Inscription Language

  • Curator's comments

    Based on similaries with episodes in the Life of Shenoute, Birger Pearson attributed the work to the vita tradition (1989). In their edition, Behlmer and Alcock (1996) identify the narrative as a pseudepigraphic discourse of Shenoute; see Emmel 2004, for the identification of the beginning of a work of Shenoute, You Know, O Brethren.


  • Bibliography

    • Behlmer & Alcock 1996 bibliographic details
    • Emmel 2004 1:381, 2:683, 2:996 bibliographic details
    • Providence 1989 no. 148 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 p.328 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus Black ink Displayed in Room 61 from 2001 until 2007 Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Binding: copydex self adhesive carpet tape and Filmoplast T self adhesive linen tape Object Priority: A Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: A Curatorial condition comment: fair

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • page 3-4
    • Tattam nos 11-12
Papyrus; Life of Shenoute in Sahidic script recto and verso.


Papyrus; Life of Shenoute in Sahidic script recto and verso.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA70345

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