Papyrus(fragment) with seal; Greek text. Mounted with 10135, 10138, 10142, 10453, 10457, 10459.
- Excavated/Findspot: Asyut, tomb (vicinity)
- (Africa,Egypt,Middle Egypt,Asyut)
Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus: displaced fragments Black ink Clay seals Overlaid: melinex Transferred to horizontal storage 6 JAN 95 Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Binding: self adhesive tape Object Priority: A Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: B Curatorial condition comment: fair (incomplete)
18 October 2002
Reason for treatment
Remove papyri from old backings, repair, remount.
The fragment is mounted in a frame with 25 other fragments, some of which are adhered to cream backing paper and some inlaid, and all contained between a glass sandwich bound with linen tape. Several of the fragments have seals on them and so a spacer has been inserted inside the glass edges to avoid the pressure from the glass. Generally these seals, which rarely survive, are made from unbaked clay and are friable and insecurely attached to the papyrus. All the fragments have evidence of insect attack in the form of holes and/or surface damage. All those which have been inlaid into the backing paper are very fractured and cockled because they are unsupported by either backing or glass. This fragment is backed on paper and is fractured and cockled. The surface is friable and the ink is abraded and faint. The remains of a seal is attached and consists of one large and one small piece of clay about 1 cm apart.
Examined the seal under magnifiication. There is one large loose piece and generally the clay is friable. It also contains large particles of calcite. Readhered loose piece with Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer), 10% in acetone, and consolidated the whole with 2 applications of Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer), 2.5% in xylene. Faced with strips of Spider tissue using Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) (10%) applied by brush, avoiding the seal. Removed backing with tweezers after applying damp blotters to backed side under weighted glass. Soft, thick capillary matting was fitted around the seal during this process to protect it. Realigned where possible and repaired with Japanese paper tabs [pre-toned with Aquarell watercolours] using Abra starch (wheat starch) paste. Dried between fresh blotters,with hole cut in the top layer to accomodate the seal without pressure, under weighted glass. Removed facing with tweezers after applying acetone soaked blotters to whole under glass. Again, a hole was cut in the blotting paper around the seal. Mounted between glass with fragments 10135, 10138, 10142, 10453, 10457 and 10459 which also have large seals. Because this frame needs spacers to accommodate the height of the seals, a method was needed to keep the papyrus flat as it would not be in contact with the recto glass. Therefore, a thin sheet of Melinex, with holes cut around the seals was placed over the fragments. Spacers of strips of acid-free board were then attached with Abra wheat starch paste to the inside edges of the recto glass.
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA70548
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