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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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papyrus

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA10137

  • Description

    Papyrus(fragment); illegible text. Mounted with 10128, 10131, 10133-4, 10136, 10139.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
  • Curator's comments

    Register says 'Found in some tombs in the hills behind Assiut'

  • Condition

    fair (incomplete)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    18 October 2002

    Reason for treatment

    Publication/Catalogue

    Treatment proposal

    Remove papyri from old backings, repair, remount.

    Condition

    The fragment is mounted in a frame with 25 other fragments, some of which are adhered to cream backing paper and some inlaid, and all contained between a glass sandwich bound with linen tape. Several of the fragments have seals on them and so a spacer has been inserted inside the glass edges to avoid the pressure from the glass. Generally these seals, which rarely survive, are made from unbaked clay and are friable and insecurely attached to the papyrus. All the fragments have evidence of insect attack in the form of holes and/or surface damage. All those which have been inlaid into the backing paper are very fractured and cockled because they are unsupported by either backing or glass. This fragment is backed on paper. The surface is friable due probably to insect attack.

    Treatment details

    Examined under magnification and lightly surface cleaned with a brush where possible. PRELIMINARY TESTS: Tested for solubility of ink with water, the ink was not soluble. Backing removed with tweezers after applying damp blotters to verso under weighted glass. A small amount of very faint text could now be seen in one corner of the fragment. Repaired with Japanese paper tabs [pre-toned with Aquarell watercolours] using Abra starch (wheat starch) paste. Dried between fresh blotters under weighted glass. Mounted between glass with 10128, 10131-34, 10136 and 10139.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1887

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA10137

  • Registration number

    1887,0514.11

Papyrus(fragment); illegible text.

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Object reference number: YCA70555

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