Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Papyrus(fragment) with seal; illegible text. Mounted with 10130, 10135, 10142, 10453, 10457, 10459.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

  • Curator's comments

    Register says 'Found in some tombs in the hills behind Assiut'

  • Bibliography

    • Trimestigos 380878 ( bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Condition

    fair (incomplete)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    18 October 2002

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    Remove papyri from old backings, repair, remount.


    The fragment is mounted in a frame with 25 other fragments, some of which are adhered to cream backing paper and some inlaid, and all contained between a glass sandwich bound with linen tape. Several of the fragments have seals on them and so a spacer has been inserted inside the glass edges to avoid the pressure from the glass. Generally these seals, which rarely survive, are made from unbaked clay and are friable and insecurely attached to the papyrus. All the fragments have evidence of insect attack in the form of holes and/or surface damage. All those which have been inlaid into the backing paper are very fractured and cockled because they are unsupported by either backing or glass. This fragment is backed on paper with the remains of a seal atached. The papyrus is fractured and distorted where the seal has been pressed into the surface.

    Treatment details

    Examined seal under magnification. It is generally friable and contains large particles of calcite. Consolidated with 2 applications of Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer), 2.5% in xylene. Examined papyrus and surface cleaned as far as possible with a soft brush. Faced with strips of Spider tissue using Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) (10%) applied by brush, avoiding the seal. Removed backing with tweezers after applying blotters to backed side under weighted glass. Soft thick capillary matting was fitted around the seal during this process to protect it. Realigned as far as possible and repaired with Japanese paper tabs [pre-toned with Aquarell watercolours] using Abra starch (wheat starch) paste. The seal had fractured on one side and loosened a small area which will need to be consolidated again after drying. Dried between fresh blotters with holes cut in the top layer to accommodate the seal. Removed facing with tweezers after applying acetone soaked blotters to whole under glass. It was found that part of the seal had loosened and so it was consolidated again with Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer), 2.5% in xylene.

    Mounted between glass with fragments 10130, 10135, 10142, 10453, 10457 and 10459 which also have large seals. Because the frame needs spacers to accommodate the height of the seals, a method was needed to keep the papyrus flat as it would not be in contact with the recto glass. Therefore, a thin sheet of Melinex, with holes cut around the seals, was placed over the fragments. Spacers of strips of acid-free board were then attached to the inside edges of the recto glass with Abra wheat starch paste. With the Melinex and spacers in placed the mount could be sealed in the normal way.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


Papyrus(fragment); illegible text.

Papyrus(fragment); illegible text.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA70556

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