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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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ostracon

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA24949

  • Description

    Ostracon of hard red pottery with three lines of Demotic text on the exterior surface. Inner surface blackened.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 5.5 centimetres
    • Length: 9.4 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Demotic
      • Inscription Position

        front
      • Inscription Comment

        Three lines of demotic script in black paint
  • Condition

    good

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    20 January 1997

    Reason for treatment

    Storage

    Treatment proposal

    Removal of soluble nylon if possible, desalinate. Consolidate lamenating areas if necessary.

    Condition

    Treated with soluble nylon in 1958. Script partly obsured. Surface discoloured. Stored in storage box.

    Treatment details

    Three applications of Wolber's IMS gel applied. (IMS,water,carboxypolymethylene,polyoxyethylene-15-cocamine) Each application left on for 3 hours and covered with cling film to prevent evaporation of Wolbers gel. Between applications the Wolbers gel was gently rinsed off using distilled water and a soft sable brush. After Wolber gel treatment desalination carried out. Object completely immersed in distilled water. Wash water changed on a daily basis. Conductivity readings taken of both the tap water and the wash water. DATE WASH WATER DISTILLED WATER measured in siemens 10-5/10-4 050996 0.3x10-5 060996 15.9x10-5 0.3x10-5 070996 9.3x10-5 0.3x10-5 080996 7.6x10-5 0.2x10-5 100996 7.8x10-5 0.2x10-5 110996 7.0x10-5 0.2x10-5 120996 7.0x10-5 0.3x10-5 130996 7.1x10-5 0.3x10-5 140996 2.0x10-5 0.3x10-5 150996 1.3x10-5 CONDITION AFTER TREATMENT. Less discolouration, script legible.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1893

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA24949

  • Registration number

    1893,1127.39

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Object reference number: YCA71742

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