Small fragment of papyrus inscribed in black ink on one side with part of a Coptic text.
- Found/Acquired: Egypt
- Height: 4.3 centimetres
- Width: 6.2 centimetres
Inscription CommentParts of four lines from a letter.
20 February 2013
Reason for treatment
Remove from unsuitable frames. Repair and remount between glass.
The fragment is mounted between Perspex® and held in place with modern stamp hinges on the verso. The frame is of inconvenient size (very small), unsuitable for handling and conservation. The poor quality wood frame is bound in Kraft paper tape. The papyrus fragment is mounted on brown, short-fibred card: the verso of the papyrus fragment is therefore non-visible.The papyrus fragment is brittle, fractured and weakened by the Perspex electrostaticity. There are several turnovers and twisted fibres. The fragment may contain writing on the verso, hidden by the backing card.
Documentation consisting in photographs at different stages of the treatment (before, during and after) and tracing of the fragment outline was undertaken. Observation under Mantis microscope (x10) was done several times through the treatment to check the state of the fragment. Documentation about collection history was researched and gathered.The inks were tested for solubility in water and in water and IMS (50-50). Lightly soluble in water, but less in 50-50 water-IMS.The fragment was then removed mechanically from its frame and backing, using scalpel and micro-spatula. The stamp hinges were removed after light damping using water to dissolve the water-sensitive adhesive. The residual adhesives were cleaned using slightly moist cotton swabs. The surface of the papyrus fragment was then cleaned with a soft brush. The fragment was humidified over damp blotters and Gore-Tex in a chamber until it could be realigned and repaired using pre-toned Japanese paper tabs and wheat starch paste. Twisted fibres and turnovers were laid down and pressed dry. The fragment has then been pressed dry under lightest weights. Remounted between glass sealed with Filmoplast® tape and buffered with Micro-chambers paper strips along the edges.
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA72106
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