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papyrus / document

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Papyrus: a few letters from the first 6 lines of this Coptic text are preserved. The papyrus fibres are twisted. Document issued by a member of the monastery.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 7thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 5.5 centimetres (approx.)
    • Width: 8 centimetres (approx.)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Translation

        (1) I brother ('pason') Phoib[amon (?) ... of]
        (2) the 'Topos' of Apa Apollo ... [...]
        (3) in the region of Rakote, he (sic) g[reets NN the mo-]
        (4) nk(s) of this sam[e?] 'topos' [ ...
        (5) ...]...[...
        (6) ...]...[...
  • Curator's comments

    Mounted with 1996,0608.9-14Palaeography: a competent, slightly right-sloping majuscule.

    Provenance: written by a monk of the Monastery of Apa Apollo for which the acquisition details suggest a Hermopolite context.

    This text mentions the 'region of Rakote', which may be connected with the monastery in some way.
    There may well have been other places called Rakote apart from the most famous one, Alexandria, but note that Quaegebeur, J., 1974. ‘Inventaire des steles funéraires Memphites d’époques ptolémaique’. CdE 49, 66-7 n. 1) re-read the Memphite place name 'Rʿ-qd' (alternatively read as 'Rʒ-qd' or 'Rwt-iswt') as 'Rwt-iswt'. Another Rakote may be identified in the place name which is recorded in the Delta, possibly near to Ibshadi (Timm, S. (ed.), 1984-1992. ‘Das christlich-koptische Ägypten in arabischer Zeit : eine Sammlung christlicher Stätten in Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, unter Ausschluss von Alexandria, Kairo, des Apa-Mena-Klosters (Dēr Abū Mina), der Skētis (Wādi n-Naṭrūn) und der Sinai-Region’. 6 vols. Wiesbaden : Reichert, 2195 Raguda). A Hermopolite context is suggested , which may be translated 'the region of Rakota'.


  • Bibliography

    • Clackson 2000 p.12, 139-140, pl.48 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair (incomplete - fragmentary)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • P.Mon.Apollo 66
Papyrus; 5 lines of Coptic text on front.


Papyrus; 5 lines of Coptic text on front.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA72128

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