What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

papyrus / document

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA75318

  • Description

    Papyrus: on the verso are the ends of 5 lines. There are no margins. Tithe collection contract.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 7thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 1.8 centimetres
    • Width: 7.7 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        verso
      • Inscription Language

        Coptic
      • Inscription Translation

        (1) ...]...
        (2) [we have agreed wi]th you to give you Tiloj
        (3) [...]...
        (4) [... so that you collect the]ir tithe for Apa Apol-
        (5) [lo...] ...[...
  • Curator's comments

    Mounted with 1996,0608.15-20Palaeography: A competent, right-sloping majuscule with few ligatures.

    Provenance: The acquisition details suggest that the place of origin may be the Hermopolite monastery of Apa Apollo.

    One of the places from which the tithe is to be collected in this text is a known source of wine for the Bawit monastery and other monastic institutions: Tiloj, modern Dalas in the eastern Faiyum (Timm, S. (ed.), 1984-1992. ‘Das christlich-koptische Ägypten in arabischer Zeit : eine Sammlung christlicher Stätten in Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, unter Ausschluss von Alexandria, Kairo, des Apa-Mena-Klosters (Dēr Abū Mina), der Skētis (Wādi n-Naṭrūn) und der Sinai-Region’. 6 vols. Wiesbaden : Reichert, 498-502 Dalas; Gomaà, F., Müller-Wollermann, R., and Schenkel, W., 1991. Mittelägypten zwischen Samalûṭ und dem Gabal Abû Ṣîr : Beiträge zur historischen Topographie der pharaonischen Zeit’. Wiesbaden : L. Reichert, 96 M122).

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Clackson 2000 p.12, 65, pl.7 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair (incomplete - fragmentary)

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1996

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA75318

  • Registration number

    1996,0608.18

  • Additional IDs

    • P.Mon.Apollo 14
Papyrus made up of 2 fragments joined together, probably for book-binding in antiquity. 9 lines of Coptic text on verso of main piece; 1 on recto. Tithe collection contract/guarantee.

Verso

Papyrus made up of 2 fragments joined together, probably for book-binding in antiquity. 9 lines of Coptic text on verso of main piece; 1 on recto. Tithe collection contract/guarantee.

Image description

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: YCA72134

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...