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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Parchment codex leaf with two columns of Sahidic Coptic text on each side (34 lines). The text contains a portion from the Book of Jeremiah (Jer. 21:14-22:20 [LXX]), which is otherwise unattested in Sahidic. The upper margins are paginated 213-214.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 24 centimetres
    • Width: 19.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        both sides
      • Inscription Language

  • Curator's comments

    Provenance unknown; acquired as part of 400 fragments, many of which may be interrelated.

    Information on content from Alin Suciu.

    To be published by Frank Feder.

  • Condition

    fair (incomplete - fragmentary)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: YCA72154

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