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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Classroom resource
Age 7–11, 12–16

Explore the idea that almost everything is symbolic – use this guide for activity ideas with your students. Make collages, design personal logos and discuss how symbols can be transformed.

Download PDF version, 219kb 

scarab pendant

Image: Winged scarab of electrum, inlaid with carnelian, green feldspar, and lapis lazuli. From Egypt. Reign of Senwosret II, 12th Dynasty, around 1890 BC.