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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Classroom resource
Age 7–11

This cross-curricular resource provides students with visual encounters with key objects from Sumer, allowing students to become familiar with object identification and vocabulary.

Download image bank, ppt 4.3mb 
Download support notes, pdf 40kb 

Subjects covered

Art and design

Age ranges

Age 7–11

Related information


Image: shell plaque from the Queen's grave. From Ur, southern Iraq. About 2600-2400 BC.