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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Classroom resource
Age 7–11, 12–16

From the idealised human forms of the Greeks to Assyrian palace reliefs, find out more about sculpture and its use in different cultural settings worldwide.

Download PDF version, 211kb 
Download mini lesson, 1736kb

bronze figure of Hermes

Image: bronze figurine of Hermes. Hellenistic Greek, 200-100 BC. Said to be from Saponara, southern Italy.