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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Roman Empire

Visit resource
Age 16+

Gods and emperors, goddesses and women, imperial portraiture, the army, Christianity, death and burials. Find out what you can see in the Roman galleries on these study themes (and more).

Download Word version, 272kb 
Download PDF version, 202kb 

Subjects covered


Age ranges

Age 16+

Related information

Ancient Rome

gold coin

Image: Gold aureus commemorating the consecration of the Emperor Hadrian. Rome, Italy. AD 138.