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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Reading a papyrus

Classroom resource
Age 7–11

Learn how to decode ancient Egyptian documents. This resource encourages students to learn about collecting information from a variety of sources.

Download mini lesson, ppt
Download mini lesson, pdf

Subjects covered

Art and design

Age ranges

Age 7–11 (KS2)

Related resources

Ancient Egypt

Image: agricultural scenes on Papyrus from the Book of the Dead of Nakht. From Thebes, Egypt. Late 18th Dynasty, 1350-1300 BC