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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Ancient Nubia

Visit resource
Age 7–11

Discover the ancient civilisation of Nubia (Sudan) and compare the cultures of Nubia and ancient Egypt. This activity aims to encourage students to study an object and use what they see to gain a sense of life in the past.

Download Word version, 1.5mb
Download PDF version, 467kb

Subjects covered


Age ranges

Age 7–11 (KS2)

Related information

Ancient Egypt
Gallery 65


Image: Sphinx of Taharqo, Sudan, about 680 BC