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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



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Age 7–11

Ancient Mesopotamia was responsible for some of the very earliest cities, writing, maths, astronomy and amazing crafts. This activity uses object based enquiry to examine the Standard of Ur, the People of Sumer, jewellery design and the relationship between humans and animals.

Download Word version, 854kb 
Download PDF version, 271kb 

Subjects covered

Art and design

Age ranges

Age 7–11

Related information


Image: the ram in a thicket. From Ur, southern Iraq, about 2600-2400 BC.