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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


The Medieval world: showing loyalty

Classroom resource
Age 12–16

Studying medieval seals and badges shows us how people pledged their loyalty in these often troubled times.

Download mini lesson, ppt 1.2mb 
Download mini lesson notes, pdf 32kb 

Subjects covered


Age ranges

Age 12–16 (KS3 and 4)

Related information

Medieval World

seal die

Image: seal-die of Robert Fitzwalter. The coat of arms of an English baron. Medieval, about AD 1213-19. From England.