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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Understanding masks from Africa

Classroom resource
Age 12–16

This slideshow puts African masks and masquerade into context as crucial parts of larger festivals involving music, dance and celebration. The resource highlights the different cultures the masks come from and encourages research and enquiry through the critical examination of objects.

Download support notes, pdf 45kb
Download mini lession, ppt 8261kb

Subjects covered

Art and design

Age ranges

Age 12–16

Related information


brass helmet mask

Image: Brass helmet mask for the Ododua ritual. Edo peoples, 18th century AD. From Benin, Nigeria.