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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Competition in ancient Greece

Visit resource
Age 7–11

Competitiveness in the ancient Greek world generated a flourishing and rich culture and exchange of ideas. This resource provides information for teachers on various aspects of competitions in Greece, from music and theatre to sport.

Download Word version, 563b Download pdf version, 326 kb

Subjects covered


Age ranges

Age 7–11 (KS2)

Related information

Ancient Greece

Image: close-up of sprinting man from clay jar. Greek.