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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Egypt: the development of mummification

Classroom resource
Age 7–11

From sand-dried bodies to Roman mummy boards, follow the history of mummification. This resource aims to help students understand how and why artificial mummification was developed by the ancient Egyptians and the processes (both natural and artificial) involved in mummification.

Download mini lesson, ppt 990kb
Download mini lesson notes, pdf 35kb

Subjects covered


Age ranges

Ages 7–11 (KS2)

Related information

Ancient Egypt

Image: painted wooden canopic jars. From Egypt. 25th Dynasty, around 700 BC.