Greece and its islands are very dry and mountainous. In ancient times there were more woods and forests with wild animals such as boars, foxes, hares and wolves as well as mountain lions. The commonest domestic animals were goats and sheep, hens, dogs and donkeys. Horses were expensive to keep and a symbol of great wealth. Heavy farm work was done using oxen.
Many Greek stories involve monsters which are part animal and part human. The Greeks often used foreign animals in their art.