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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


The end of the war

Wine jar, made in Athens about 470-450 BC

When the Greeks got inside the city, they began killing people wildly. To make sure that none of Hector's family lived to avenge his death, they even killed his old father Priam, the king of Troy, and his baby son Astyanax.

Menelaos found Helen. He drew his sword to kill her because of all the trouble she had caused, but the goddess Aphrodite protected her, and when Menelaos looked at Helen, he was so overwhelmed with her beauty that his sword fell to the ground. The vase painter shows Helen (at the far right) running away in fear of Menelaos. Notice how Menelaos' sword falls from his hand.