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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

The mummy case


Cartonnage case of Nesperennub

Top half of case

Top half of case

Bottom half of case

Bottom half of case


Inside Nesperennub's coffin is a case containing his mummy. The case is made of cartonnage - layers of linen covered with glue or plaster, then left to set hard. It is brightly painted. At the top the scarab beetle with a falcon's head is the sun god Ra. His wings are stretching out over Nesperennub's chest. Under this the god Sokar is shown as a mummified falcon.

Lower down, a yellow dome with two feathers coming from the top is a sign of the god Osiris. Osiris and Ra both hold the key to life after death. The hieroglyphs below the knee tell us that Nesperennub and his father both worked at Karnak.