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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


A mysterious snake

© Photographic imagery courtesy of SGI

Place stone or glass eyes onto the corpseCobra amulet above right eye

If you look closely just above Nesperennub's right eye, you can see a small cobra shape. It does not show up on normal X-rays so is probably made of wax. Ancient Egyptians thought that wax was magical.

Cobra amulets in this shape are very unusual, and we are not sure why this one was placed over Nesperennub's eye. Cobras decorated Egyptian kings' crowns, to show that the cobra goddess was protecting them. Perhaps this wax cobra means that the cobra goddess is looking after Nesperennub in the afterlife.