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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Ploughing with oxen

Wooden model of a man ploughin

From Egypt, Middle Kingdom, about 2040-1750 BC

Ploughing in Roman Britain

Ploughing in Roman Britain

Height: 20.300 cm
Length: 43.200 cm
Width: 17.700 cm

EA 52947

People have used animals to do work for them for thousands of years. This model shows an ancient Egyptian farmer ploughing the land with his oxen. The other picture is a man from Roman Britain ploughing in a similar way but about 2000 years later.

In ancient Egypt cows were kept mainly to help with work or for milk. Luckily for them they were too expensive to be eaten.