The people of the North American Plains were predominantly nomadic, living in large territories roamed by great herds of buffalo.
Early adopters of the horse, they lived in societies governed by profound military and religious traditions which produced richly decorated clothing and weaponry. The Plains peoples fought ferociously to maintain their independence as the European nations of North America spread westwards in the nineteenth century. Eventually, after decades of resistance, most Plains people were forced to live on reservations, where despite documented official efforts to eliminate them, traditional practices and languages have survived.
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The peoples of the expansive woodlands of Eastern America live in a large number of tribes, with related religious and linguistic traditions.
The societies of the Northwest coast of North America developed in relative isolation between the Coastal Mountains and the Pacific Ocean.
The peoples of the Southwestern United States have a long tradition of settled life that is reliant on agriculture.