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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Money in daily life

Money has many uses in daily life and not solely in an economic context.

It can be used as personal adornment, act as testament to a society’s cultural development or be a single, personal communication of religious belief.

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	Gold pendant with designs copied from a Kushan coin and a Roman coin, probably from north-western Pakistan, 4th century AD