The diverse interior
The interior states of Goiás, Tocantins, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso and the Federal District of Brasilia are covered by an extraordinary range of ecosystems.
Like the neighbouring Amazon region, the Cerrado savannah is another area whose extraordinary biodiversity is threatened by widespread deforestation. Brazil’s capital, Brasilia, lies at the area’s heart. Built in the late 1950s, the concept of a new capital had been discussed since the country became independent in 1822. Moving the capital city from Rio de Janeiro, on the coast, to the centre of the country symbolised the shift from colonial settlement to independent state.
Another World Cup 2014 host city, Cuiabá, lies at the exact geographic centre of South America, at the meeting point of Amazon rainforest, Pantanal wetlands and the Cerrado tropical savannah. The Arena Pantanal, a new stadium that was built for Brazil 2014 in Cuiabá and the virtually rebuilt Estádio Nacional in Brasilia both had recycling, carbon neutrality and ongoing sustainability embedded into their development.