The Atlantic coast
The Brazilian coastline stretches for almost 8,000 kilometres, lining the Atlantic Ocean with expanses of white dunes and beaches in the far north and with Atlantic forest along the south-eastern coast.
Gateways for the arrival of European settlers, colonial ports such as Rio de Janeiro and the original capital city of Salvador were built in the sixteenth century and allowed for the exportation of oil, beef, rubber, and many other desirable sub-tropical commodities, while also receiving African slaves, brought over to work on the plantations.
Several of Brazil’s coastal cities held World Cup matches, including Fortaleza, Recife and Porto Alegre. Rio de Janeiro, host of the World Cup Final, was the venue for Brazil’s first national match a century ago against English team Exeter City FC. The match was arranged when the Exeter team’s ship docked for supplies in the port of Rio de Janeiro on its way to Argentina for their summer tour.