The Amazon rainforest
The Amazon rainforest has long been considered a natural and untouched relic of biodiversity but recent research shows that much of this forest landscape has been shaped by past societies.
Indigenous peoples have managed the land for millennia using the slash-and-burn technique to clear areas of forest and plant rotating food crops.
About 60% of the 5.5 million square kilometres of Amazon rainforest falls within the borders of Brazil. Manaus, state capital of Amazonas, is the only venue in this region to host matches for the 2014 World Cup. The new stadium, Arena da Amazônia, has been built with special consideration for the surrounding forest, while its architecture resembles the straw baskets traditionally produced by indigenous people in the region.