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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Brazil 2014: Cultures of diversity

Explore this year’s World Cup host country through the British Museum's collection.

One hundred years ago, the national football team of Brazil played their inaugural match against the provincial English team Exeter City FC in Rio de Janeiro. Now the most successful football-playing nation in the world, Brazil is hosting the 2014 World Cup competition.

Explore objects from four of the regions that are hosting matches this summer, and discover the fascinating cultures of this incredible country.

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Explore the diversity of this year’s Football World Cup host nation

Further information

Additional reading:

Unknown Amazon: culture in nature in ancient Brazil, Exhibition catalogue by Colin McEwan, Cristiana Barreto and Eduardo Neves, 2001, London: British Museum Press.

Phyllis Rabineau, 1979, Feather Arts: Beauty, Wealth, and Spirit from Five Continents, Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.

With thanks to:

Tony Eccles and Morwena Stephens of the Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Vinicius Honorato and the British Museum’s Future Curators programme.

More information about the Museum's Future Curators programme