What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Canoe


Canoe


AOA Oc 1771,0531.1


Polynesian islanders were immensely skilled boat builders and equally accomplished navigators who travelled great distances across the Pacific Ocean in sailing canoes.

This canoe is one of the earliest documented surviving artefacts to have been brought to Europe from the eastern Pacific and was the first object from the region to be acquired by the British Museum. It was collected at Nukutavake in the Tuamotu Islands archipelago in June 1767 by Captain Samuel Wallis, just before Captain James Cook's first Pacific voyage.

The Tuamotus are low-lying islands with few forests, or trees large enough for a hull to be crafted from a single trunk. Instead the hull is composed of forty-five wood sections bound together with continuous lengths of plaited coir, a coarse fibre made from the seed of the coconut palm. It probably had an outrigger (a parallel hull) to balance it in the waves.

A single plank seat survives to suggest the manner of its use and on the upper edge of the left side there are burn marks made by fishing lines.

Wallis brought it back to England lashed to the deck of his ship, HMS Dolphin. Given this treatment it is in remarkably good condition.