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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Kareem Risan (Iraq), Uranium civilization, unbound book: mixed media on paper


Kareem Risan's work is strongly rooted in his concern for his country's culture and its destruction. Uranium civilization expresses widespread anxiety about the use of depleted uranium anti-tank shells in Iraq during the Gulf War of 1991. It is feared that the weapons have left a hazardous legacy for Iraq's inhabitants.

Uranium civilization is in the form of an unbound book and consists of sixteen folded pages. The images within are powerful and disturbing, using strong reds and blacks. Risan graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in 1988, after which he joined the army - an experience which he later documented through a series of drawings. He has used the book form more than once but has also worked in a variety of other media.